The Everest Region
The Everest Region is located in the northeast of Nepal in Solukhumbu district bordering Tibet. Home to the Sherpa people, this region has five peaks above 8000 metres.
The Everest Region can be reached by air or on foot. Flights land at Lukla, while the closest road to this region is from Jiri, a ten hour bus drive from Kathmandu. From Jiri it is eight days’ walk to Namche Bazar.
Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a day’s walk north of Lukla. Makalu Barun National Park lies to the east of the national park. The major ethnic groups that live in Solukhumbu district are Sherpa. Rai, Tamang, Magar, Brahmin and Chhetrri.
Sagarmatha National Park is an area of great biodiversity. Himalayan Tahr (mountain goat), musk deer, yak and Tibetan mastiffs can all be seen here. You may also see Nepal’s national bird, the danphe (the colourful Impeyan pheasant) here. The golden eagle and the Himalayan griffon are both indigenous to the area. The forests in the park are filled with rhododendrons, magnolias, juniper and hemlock. Edelweiss and blue poppy grow above the tree line in spring and summer.
There are a great many popular trekking routes here. You can choose to go to Everest Base Camp, trek in the Gokyo Valley, visit Namche Bazaar, Thame, Kumjung and Tengboche Monastery. There are also many high pass trails, Chola Pass (5420m); Renjo Pass (5417m); Khongma La Pass (5535m) and Amphu Lepcha Pass (5780m). Some of the 6000m climbing peaks in this region are: Imja Tse (Island Peak, 6189m); Kusum Kangru (6367m); Lobuche East (6117m) and Mera Peak (6476m).
The best time to visit the region is in Spring and Autumn because of the clear weather. Summer is best to see different high altitude flowers and plants, unfortunately the mountains hide behind thick monsoon clouds most of the time.